The research report must be at least four type-written double-spaced pages but not to exceed 12 pages. Use of charts, graphs, pictures, diagrams, drawings, etc. is highly encouraged if their use amplifies the text. Space occupied by such additional elaborations does not count toward the minimum page-count. An optional Powerpoint presentation of ~5-8 min. may be made with comparable information presented.
You must use references other than the textbook (which means going to the library) and at least 4 different references must be cited. The following criteria must be followed concerning references:
? At least one must be a scientific (but not necessarily astronomical) journal (e.g., Sky and Telescope, Astronomy, Scientific American, etc.). You may use as many scientific journal sources as you would like to meet the minimum number of references.
? You may use web sources for information but the web sources must be cited with the complete URL. You may use as many web sources as you wish but only one citation counts toward the minimum reference requirement.
? You may use as many popular literature sources (newspaper, Time magazine, etc.) as you wish but only one citation will count toward the minimum reference requirement.
? You may use as many books as sources as you wish but only two will count toward the minimum reference requirement.
? You must include a copy of the first page of any article (the whole article is preferred) cited and the title page from any book cited.
Report Format
This general format for the research paper must be followed. Feel free to use your academic, artistic, and linguistic freedoms in your research paper as long as this general format is followed:
Conclusion References/Bibliography
The sections need not have these headings unless it helps the reader follow the flow of the text. This format is only a general guide and you may have more sections than the ones listed.
You may use any bibliographic style with which you are familiar for the reference list. Styles include, but are not limited to
? American Chemical Society (ACS): numbered references, one number per reference; references used multiple times, as necessary, but appear only once in bibliography; citations in text either as superscripted reference number or reference number in parenthesis.
? General Science: references in bibliography in alphabetical order; citations in text by author’s last name; references used multiple times, as necessary.
? American Psychological Association (APA)
? Modern Language Association (MLA)
For citing web pages, seek out an appropriate style guide for the method you are using.
You may incorporate pictures, diagrams, tables, etc. into the text (like a journal article or textbook) or place them at the back of the research paper (like a manuscript). In either case, pictures, graphs, diagrams, etc. must be identified and referenced in the text as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. and tables must be identified and referenced as Table 1, Table 2, etc.
Grammar, spelling, and syntax count equally (which means a lot) as the scientific content and accuracy of the research paper.
As an alternative to a written paper, you may create a Powerpoint presentation on an appropriate topic and present it orally in class. The presentation should show a comparable level of effort as the written presentation described above.
The topics listed here are not completely exclusive; you may come up with a topic that interests you. Just get the instructor’s OK before starting the paper.
Asteroid impact and the demise of the dinosaurs
Blackholes, white dwarves, neutron stars (collectively or individually)
Comets and their origin
Nebulae (in general or a specific one) Dark matter
Galaxies in collision
Galileo satellite
Galileo and heliocentricism
The Great Attractor HubbleSpaceTelescope
Life on Mars
Mars Pathfinder (or any manned or
unmanned exploration program) Lunar colonization
Saturn’s, Jupiter’s, etc. rings Supercomputing and modern theoretical
Supernova 1987A (or any aspect of supernovae)
Superstring theory
Big Bang theory in the first few moments
of time Lunar origins
Birth and death of stars Radioastronomy (or other non-optical
methods) Telescopesinthe21st century Relativity and space-time Accelerating universe expansion Planetary systems around other stars Complimentarity and exclusiveness of
Science and Religion Tectonic motion on different

Use the order calculator below and get started! Contact our live support team for any assistance or inquiry.